Is CrossFit a Good Firefighter Workout Program?
I’ve worked in the fitness industry for over 20 years and have seen a lot of “fads” come and go. Not to age myself but when I started in the industry step classes, leotards and zubaz where still popular. Back in the day every health club focused on having the most updated machinery possible, today you see more minimalistic gyms pop up all the time. Along with these fads have come the “next” best workout program. I remember the day when everyone was “Jazzersizing” or “Sweating to the Oldies” or following the “Body for Life,” program. There were also the days of “Tae-bo”, “Spinning” and who could forget “Fitness made simple”? Some of these fitness fads have come and gone while others are still around.
Today I wanted to talk about another fitness “fad” that has seemed to catch the attention of the firefighting and tactical communities. Yep, you guessed it….CrossFit. The purpose of these blogs is not to judge whether or not CrossFit is right for you but to list the pros and cons of CrossFit to help you decide for yourself.
Muscle Confusion– The fact that the workouts vary so greatly from day to day means the body is always guessing and never has the chance to settle into that “workout groove” where it knows what’s coming. CrossFit focuses on maximal strength, muscular endurance, and cardiovascular efficiency all very important components to firefighters.
Timed, Efficient Workouts– Most CrossFit workouts are timed, which usually makes the exerciser push themselves harder, hopefully resulting in faster and better results. Plus, moving quickly in between sets keeps the heart rate elevated, burns more calories and helps improve recovery time.
Workouts Focus on Compound Movements and Olympic Style Lifting – This is great because it’s how people get the most bang for their buck with their exercise. The more major muscles you use in a given movement, the calories you’ll burn. Period.
Embrace Competition – This may be a “con” for some but the ideas here is that you should compete with yourself to constantly improve. I also believe that the competitive environment of CrossFit may bring out greater performances in people.
Comradery– This may also be a con for some. If you are working out at a CrossFit gym you will be paired up with people during some exercises. You are in a class environment, which leaves plenty of room to meet and interact with new people that share a similar interest and goal.
I know this in not all of the benefits, let me know if I miss any. Now, there are also some cons to CrossFit so before you think this is the “best” workout program, take a look at these…
Seemingly random programming– The workouts of the day bounce around in a seemingly random fashion. Per strength coach Alwyn Cosgrove: “Another one was 30 muscle-ups. And if you can’t do muscle-ups, do 120 pull-ups and 120 dips. It’s just random; it makes no physiological sense. Two days later the program was five sets of five in the push jerk with max loads. That’s not looking too healthy for the shoulder joint if you just did 120 dips 48 hours ago….hello injury.
Lack of Progression– Due to the never repeating nature of the WOD (workout of the day) programming, it is difficult, if not impossible to track progress in major lifts. How do I know my strength or speed is improving if I never repeat a protocol? Most strength coaches and trainers agree that some form of measurable progressive overload is crucial. If you are constantly confusing muscles, they don’t learn how to adapt.
Difficult to Personalize--CrossFit claims its workouts are highly personalize-able, the resources for people unable to perform the standard WOD are slim. In fact, the Crossfit FAQ explicitly states that only those with “exposure to Olympic weightlifting, powerlifting, and gymnastics” should attempt the WOD right away. They claim to cater to “all fitness levels” but only the ones that have experience. No single workout of the day could possibly address the needs of all (or even most) people effectively or safely.
Overall CrossFit Program is Not Balanced – I know that there are some CrossFit die-hards out there that will insist it is. The reason why it is so important to train the muscles of the body in a balanced way is mainly to prevent injury. Another plus with balanced muscular training is symmetry and proper posture. This cons ties in with the random programming, because the workouts are “random” there is no way to insure that muscle groups are being challenged in a balanced manner. Injuries most often occur as a result of a muscular imbalance in a part of the body that is being called upon to produce great force. The “weak link” gives. That’s why sports trainers pay great attention to training the opposing muscles of an athlete’s main movement.
CrossFit Certification--Someone with no training background and experience can do a weekend CrossFit certification and suddenly be “qualified” to develop and put people through workouts. You may be able to say that for some personal training certifications also but I don’t think those certifications preach the high use of Olympic Lifting techniques.
Technique is often sacrificed- Competing to achieve personal records in number of reps or load at any cost can sometimes kick proper mechanics out the door. CrossFit preaches on constantly improving yourself well if you did one exercise for 7 good reps and one bad one, the next time your apt to do 7 good reps and two bad ones.
This is not an all-encompassing list of the pros and cons of the program, I know that I missed some. I’m not going to get into whether or not I find it valuable for you… and you need to determine that. Do I think it is the “best”program for firefighters… NO. I think there are some great qualities of CrossFit but there are also too many inconsistencies from gym to gym. In my community there are two CrossFit boxes (gyms), one will get you hurt and one will get you in-shape. I think as the injuries mount this is becoming more and more clear. Now, for accountants, computer techs and other desk jockeys, CrossFit is great. You can sit at a desk with a bum shoulder, knee or back but if you (as a fire rescue athlete) are hurt, you can’t do your job. I know this may rub some die-hards the wrong way and please let me know if I am off on any of these points. I look forward to the comments and shares.
Stay safe and remember to “Train like a life depends on it.”
I can see how crossfit is ill suited for a firefighter with decent fitness, but what about as a starting point for those of us entering into the job in middle age with a lower level of fitness then transitioning into more job specific training?
Hello Gordon, great comment and question. I actually have a program in mind for you and others just trying to get back into “fit for duty” shape. Its a 12-week program that specifically progresses you through a 12 week program. Here is the link: